Sadly, there is a significant lack of data on these issues, but we do know that Indigenous 2SLGBTQQIA individuals face disproportionate levels of violence and additional obstacles to accessing basic services such as health care, housing and employment.
In 2015, 70% of transgender youth in Canada (aged 14-25) reported sexual harassment, and 25% reported having been raped in the last year.1 Because Indigenous 2SLGBTQQIA youth have multiple marginalized intersecting identities, they are impacted even further by this violence.
In Ontario, First Nations, Inuit and Métis participants in the 2010 Trans PULSE project 2 reported “high levels” of poverty (47%) and of homelessness or underhousing (34%), and were more likely to have to move due to being trans (67%). The same study also found that 61% indicated having at least one unmet health care need in the past year, and 73% had experienced violence due to their gender identity and/or expression.
NWAC is in the midst of an engagement strategy with 2SLGBTQQIA Indigenous women and gender diverse people in order to transform our organization and all of our subsequent work. Moving forward, we will create safe spaces for those women to voice their needs and perspectives to inform policy development with a focus on not retraumatizing or revictimizing.