For almost 500 years, the human rights of Indigenous peoples have been violated by colonizers. These violations of human rights have included the kidnapping of Indigenous men, women and children, the removal of children from their homes and placed in residential schools, Indigenous children taken from their families and placed in foster care and forced sterilization. These human rights violations as well as many more have been determined by the Inquiry for Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls amount to “genocide”.
Contrary to what many people think, human rights violations are not isolated acts of the distant past. The last residential school closed in 1996, the abduction of Indigenous children to place them in foster care or for adoption occurred between the 1960’s to the 1980’s.
Today the new residential schools and 60’s scoop is the child welfare system, known as the millennium scoop. According to the Canadian government there are some 28,661 children in foster care, mean while 14,970 are Indigenous children. This means 52% of all children in foster care are Indigenous. Compare these numbers to the total number of children in Canada, and Indigenous children make up 7.7% of all children in Canada.1
According to the Canadian Poverty Institute 25% of Indigenous peoples live in poverty and 40% of Indigenous children live in poverty.2